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Gas and Chemical Hazards in the Navy and What to Do

What do to in the event of gas

Ascertain that compressed gases, such as oxygen, nitrogen, and propane, are labeled, stored, and used in accordance with stated requirements. In order to utilize conscious nitrous oxide sedation, staff must be specially trained and must wear Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) when the gas is administered.
Install shock-resistant brackets for pressurized gases and fix them in a vertical position on the deck.
Protect the cylinder valves from dust, ice, and snow accumulations, and shield the cylinders from the sun’s rays with a sunshade or other protective covering. Compressed gas cylinder handling is covered in further detail in NAVSUP P-485.

What to do in the event of toxic vapors

When impression and denture materials, as well as different medical components, are mixed, toxic fumes can result. Toxicity can be generated by the use of adhesives, solvents and acids as well as chemical sterilizers, as well as the combination of radiographic processing solutions and disinfectants.
Direct contact with numerous products, such as etchant acids, radiography solutions, endodontic materials, or bleaching chemicals, can cause chemical burns to the skin or eyes in addition to the hazard from fumes.

What to do with chemical storage

MSDSs provide information on the proper storage of chemicals, which is important for their safety. Container and cabinet design, security, and closeness to other chemicals, materials, heat, and open flames are all factors to consider and manage.

What to do with flammable liquids

Many medical and dental supplies are combustible. Acetone and alcohol are two examples of solvents. Have a fire extinguisher on hand whenever hazardous substances are being used. Make sure there is enough ventilation and that sparks or flames are not present. Keep flammable liquids and large amounts in a designated flammable storage locker in firmly covered containers.

What to do with flammable storage

Items that must be kept out of the reach of sparks or open flames are maintained in an enclosed enclosure. A locked flammable locker is required if one is being used by the command. Keep a fire extinguisher handy just in case something goes wrong.

What to do with (rubbing) alcohol

Only the supply officer (or another officer designated in writing by the commanding officer) possesses the key or combination to the lockable container where the paint and combustible liquids are kept.

What to do with corrosive storage

Store acids in corrosive storage, which can be either a dedicated room or a secure container. Handling acids may be dangerous, therefore a shower or eyewash station should be available. For this storage space, a spill-containment system is required.
A brim surrounding the space or containers under the bottles or boxes in the locker are used to do this. To get rid of any fumes, make sure the space is adequately aired.

What to do with acid

Acid lockers are used unless the substance is designated as safe. Acid lockers are boxes, chests, or lockers that are leak-proof and coated with lead and are particularly made for storing acid bottles or containers.

What to do with acid etchants

Acid Etchants are available as solutions or gels for use in sealants or composites that require acid etching. Avoid skin contact by wearing appropriate protective PPE at all times. Always use forceps or gloves while handling acid-soaked materials.
If an acid spill occurs, use a professional acid spill kit to clean it up quickly and effectively.

What to do organics chemicals

Alcohols, ketones, esters, solvents, and monomers like methyl acrylate are examples of organic chemicals. After each usage, wipe off the containers’ outside surfaces with a damp cloth to avoid transferring leftover material to the next person.

What to do with gypsum products

Dental plaster and stone are examples of Gypsum Products that are potentially hazardous due to the amount of dust they generate. Due to the potential for respiratory issues, handling should be done with as little dust exposure as possible.

What to do with radiograph chemicals

For the processing of radiographs, radiographic chemicals are employed. Chemicals and radiographic solutions should be kept cold and dark in firmly sealed containers.